Mausoleum at Halicarnassus

Between 353 and 350 BC, was the mausoleum at Halicarnassus, who would become one of the seven wonders of the ancient world what city centre of Bodrum in southeastern Turkey is now in the built. The mausoleum at Halicarnassus was a tomb of Mausolus, which was a satrap or Governor of the region. The tomb of Artemisia was ordered, for her husband after his death in 353 BC were Mausolus and Artemisia II of Caria man and woman, as well as brother and sister, and she had ruled the adjoining regions of Halicarnassus for a period of twenty-four years. The tradition of the sibling marriage was often in Caria, and first and foremost a strategy for the storage of the superiority and wealth in the family. After the death of Mausolus Artemisia will be reversed by his death, that they his ashes in with water connection and they drank. You ordered the awe inspiring Tomb in his memory then built. The magnificent tomb revealed soon so that his name was the basis for the word mausoleum.

Perched on a hill above the city of Halicarnassus, was the grave in a courtyard. Consists entirely of white marble, the great mausoleum is probably reached a height of 148 metres. Greek architects Satyros and Pythis will be credited a blend of Lycian, Greek and Egyptian architectural elements of the mausoleum with the design of Halicarnassus, containing. Below three four-sided Layers dialog was a base of the steps of 60 metres in length. The steps were guarded stone lions. The middle layer was covered with a pyramid built from thirty-six ionic columns. A statue stood in the middle of each pair of columns. The focus of this level was a block of marble. No cost Artemisia also Scopas of PAROS, Bryaxis and Timotheus, was brilliant Greek sculptor of Leochares, the in have been brought to bas-reliefs, carve, particularly to take account of the battle between Centaur and Lapith and between the Greeks and the Amazons, in each of the four walls of this section Center. The most famous of these artists was Scopas, who had designed the Temple of Artemis in Ephesus. The four sculptor and architect have been supported by a countless number of additional craftsmen. The Tomb itself was within the highest point of the roof and included a 20-foot model of a four-horse chariot consisting of marble, which kept a picture of Mausolus and Artemisia. The mausoleum of Halicarnassus deserves a unique historic position as it was one of the few of that time, was not built to a deity to honor.

The mausoleum of Halicarnassus survived the fall of the city to Alexander the great and guard the ruins of Halicarnassus sixteen centuries remained. A series of earthquakes destroyed the columns and catapulted the chariot to the ground. The only identifiable part of the base itself was 1404 AD. The stones of the mausoleum were used to build the Bodrum Castle in 1494. British Museum is now home to many of the remains of the mausoleum of Halicarnassus. Grant's Tomb, the shrine of remembrance in Melbourne, Los Angeles City Hall and the House of the Temple in Washington, D.C. are just some of the present building is based on the architecture the mausoleum of Halicarnassus.

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