The Taoism and Confucianism philosophy in Zhang Yimou's "The Road Home"

Introduction


Confucianism and Taoism have been printed in Chinese literature and reaches far beyond the world of the written word have. We see a number of Chinese arts, such as architecture, sculpture, painting and music, the doctrine of Confucianism and Taoism map. It is however clear with Chinese literature, because in it we see the use of these philosophies in the everyday life of the Chinese people.


Literature is life; such Clich? need no further explanation. Study a literary work, a nation is, can you easily believe this nation of way, the people, and understand the people's philosophy.


In the film "The Road Home," you can see the film as an honest representation of a Chinese way of life. Watching the movie with an eye for the Taoist and Confucianism thought you could in fact, much understand the movie better and deeper. This paper aims to look at the movie characters in their presentation of the Taoist and Confucian views.


The Taoist philosophy in "The Road Home"


The title of the film itself has an obvious Foundation of the Taoist philosophy. Tao means "Way" or "Street", and so the road home is an obvious and direct application of Taoist philosophy. Although the original story was based on the novel by Bao Shin, memory, it must be the same focus or even topic that reflects it.


Also at the beginning of the film, the road was the first and most important image be introduced. It not only shows parents how long the journey from the city to the village but it symbolizes the long and winding road to the heart of the characters. The Narrator seems to be "far away" by his parents. He seems not so familiar with them. The street has done also as a symbol of this gap. With the road and the Narrator, an effect of Taoist thought can be derived. The Taoist believes that people are an integral part of the universe; They are only dark if they have to do something and competitive. A good example of this self-assertion is the Narrator. He is from the city, and therefore drank to the competitive nature of city life of. Unlike his father before him, who has settled in a remote village as a teacher for the poor, he has the life in the City apparently embraced. At least at the end, the students of the village for one day teaches as a consolation, before he go back to the city. He wants to feel what has felt his father in State before the students somehow. The school building would then be replaced by a new. It is likely that at the end of students teaching his being a foreshadowing of his lifelong commitment to the legacy of his father on.


Confucianism under "The Road Home"


It seems obvious in the movie as the Taoists more Confucian thought.


One of the basic teachings of Confucianism is reform in the Government. Was in the film the teachers from the village to the town called answer some political request. Some critics have interpreted these calls zersetzender as part of the difficulties the Government during the era of the campaign. What this is that reforms are performed in the Government, is obviously of Confucianism.


An other obvious Confucian teachings in the film are the lessons from the teacher, the father of the Narrator. These are respect for the oldest and the authority, study, and call for close family ties. The attention of the oldest has been seen clearly in the film, and also in any other Asian film. Not only that the oldest in the film were respected, this doctrine has repeated over and over again in the film. The Western are the only people who probably have less respect for the oldest, but that is beyond the point.


Authority should also be respected; Therefore, Luo, the teacher has gone to the city and also accepted the penalty for leaving the city when Zhao di sick. He could of the orders of the Government and live with his beloved, but he was waiting for the right time and followed the orders of his superiors.


Education was the focus of the Confucian thought. Protagonist of the film is an uneducated young woman, yet, the other is a highly respected and educated young man. Also in the film, the young woman has illiteracy as discussed in somewhat ugly. However, because the love of women exceeds all known philosophy or theory, love is the winner. Although education is still the most important thing in the film. From the history of the narrator's parents we see clearly, the symbols for them: the school, the teaching the young man, the teacher, the renovation of the school and the teaching session of the narrator in the school. Although the female protagonist is uneducated, should the fact that teachers are not overlooked her object of love. This can be educated interpreted as her wish, someone to fill their shortcomings to their partners; Although this interpretation may somehow force the issue.


Some other obvious Confucian teachings available are faithfulness, loyalty and courage in the film. Zhao di courage, her love no matter what to fight for is very admirable. She was also very faithful and loyal. They were waiting on their beloved until they ill received. At the end, she got their reward, their beloved came to her. Is more luck when compared to other people, for their love say one to love it but not give desire have. Now, may it also with reciprocity, an other Confucian education. Love creates love, how to do the Clich?, but it applies to the Confucianism.


But somehow you can't help to think that it is better off in comparison to other Chinese. It is not, good luck are condemned by the society of marry someone she loves, or probably just their through affection for Lou. It should bear in mind, the Chinese women choose their husbands can. Usually their marriage arranged with someone they have never seen their parents. So something new is falling in love in the film. This is the reason why their love story was famous. Yet the same is not, they luck, condemned by the society.


Conclusion


To sum up the film has successfully shown the Chinese way of life. In one way or another has the Taoist and Confucian thought in the film have been drunk. The symbol of the street is also all active during the film; It is a great symbol of Confucianism and Taoism. Although for others to see it, the symbolism of the road without background can be difficult knowing the two Chinese philosophies, the film itself can give away the importance of the road. The film is a great work of art completely, worthy, have won numerous awards.


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