Ireland history - the battle of the Boyne

The battle of the Boyne can only be understood by a first look at what happened during the siege of Derry

The siege of Derry

King James II was converted to Catholicism and his brother when he married Mary, the daughter of Italian Duke of Modena. He left England in 1679 and not for six years, to be back on the throne in England successor. He began the task of restoring the Catholic religion in both England and Ireland. Talbot as Commander of his troops in Ireland and his brother-in-law, Lord Clarendon as Lord-Lieutenant Colonel appointed. Talbot mainly Protestant militias disarmed and appointed Catholic army officers and other important posts within the judiciary. 1687 Was also Lord Lieutenant Talbot as Clarendon had proved to be a rather weak person. Talbot, now known as the Earl of Tirconnell was strictly Catholic and this action stirred, with many of them leave a panic among the Protestants to their homes and moved to England.

Sent Lord Danby for Prince William of orange in 1688. Prince William was a Dutch Prince and was also known as James's Protestant daughter Mary. The English establishment had in panic if James had a son, and could be part of the Catholic dynasty. As James II is one of William's arrival immediately he fled to France and William took the throne of England without any opposition. William and Mary joint rulers declared and James was Louis XIV of France in the yard looking for help. Tirconnell remained in Ireland and had armed the Catholics to protect Ireland for James II.

The young apprentice

The North of Ireland was especially with English settlers and Protestant soldiers who are on one side filled with Prince William of Orange. The town of Enniskillen refused, Talbot admit, and this began the war of the revolution. Lord Antrim marched as they were unsure to do hesitant to Derry and the magistrates. A number of young apprentice of boys, grabbed the keys and managed, the gates to close prevented the Talbot's Jacobite army in the city. This young apprentice were actually in the city as part of a development plan, which was organized by the city of London and his Guild. Richard Hamilton was sent to the North, take Ulster as the Protestants to defences had begun and he came in Derry 1689. It followed what is now called the siege of Derry is known, which lasted 105 days.

When James in Kinsale arrived, he met with Richard Talbot, had convened a Catholic Parliament. He brought also with around 100 French officers, about 1,000 Irish refugees, weapons and ammunition. Patrick Sarsfield was one of the French officers that he had brought with him. During the siege of Derry James he went Poynings law the full freedom of worship to the Parliament and it lifted now allows. He picked up also the Act of settlement. The siege of Derry and Hamilton to try to take the city. From within the walls of the city, many surrender demands and a Colonel Lundy the Governor was one such person. This call, that he was forced to his escape over the walls make in the night and in disguise was so unpopular.

The only hope for those within the walls of Derry was using troops with the sea, as all land of Hamilton's men was surrounded. Finally help with ships arriving in Lough Foyle under the control of General Kyle arrive. However, see lining the banks on the forts and see a defensive boom structure in the Lough she would go no further and dropped anchor. Waited for 46 days as the food of less grew and many people simply started to die of starvation. Ships were finally in the sent and crashed through the boom deliveries and relief of Derry. The siege was now over and the next day, Hamilton marched his army away. The Jacobites were also in Enniskillen and Sarsfield now returned Ulster to Athlone firmly in the hands of the Williamites leave.

The battle of the Boyne

Battle of Derry was just the beginning of the fight. King William sent a now 80-year-old Dutch called General Schomberg, which landed in the city of Bangor in Northern Ireland. He had brought 15,000 men with him about captured Carrickfergus and then made his base in Dundalk. He suffered heavy losses and reinforcements had to search. His army was also badly affected by the disease. A year 14 had Prince William in Carrickfergus later June 1690 with a diverse range of forces from Germany, Denmark, and some French Huguenots. The most important was that 35,000-40000 all well armed it and were very well equipped.

25.000, Which contain some still loyal English regiments, some Irish and the French troops of Louis XIV have James. James had advanced from Dublin, Dundalk and was now on the South Bank of the River Boyne. Probably, the most important fact was that the army mainly recruits, the poorly armed and were drilled and was with a guide, the not sent, or in fact decided. However, William was recognised as one of the best generals of all time and he had good a larger army under his command were trained and well armed.

William was injured from a cannon shot and many on the Irish side believed him to be dead. Boyne in County Meath, was the two sides in the battle of the River on 1 July 1690, when Duke William's army started to cross the River. William sent 10,000 men under the command of General Douglas about upstream, crossing five miles an area that even though James had warned, had decided, leave unguarded. The rest of the army attacked in four different places.

The Dutch blue guards under the command of General Schomberg in the Centre of James'a army attacked and Schomberg was killed as a shot in the neck by a bullet of a musket. The battle raged now and a mile with William fight about the River lower down in Drogheda. Although the Irish army resistance done they were no match for William's army and a decisive victory was won by William. The army moved back towards Dublin and James fled at the first sign of defeat. It causes Sarsfield, to announce "Change Kings and we will fight you over and over again."

James made his retirement when he reached to Kinsale and went back to Brest in France leave to do Tirconnell, what he could. This battle is still celebrated on the 12th July which as so Orange for Prince William called are known. The reason for the latter date is due to the change from the Julian calendar to the Gregory 1752 calendar.

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